Recipes for making your own cold-process soaps, moisturisers, lotions, creams, cleansers, body butters, balms and sugar scrubs.
60 drops = 1 tsp = 5ml
3 tsp = 1T
2T = 1 fl oz = 30ml
215g = 1 cup oil
240g = 1 cup water
Our experiments so far have shown the following:
Light lotion: water phase 80%; oil phase 16-18%; Emulsifier O 2-4%. Initially this is very milky but it firms up over 48 hours.
Face cream: water phase 80%; oil phase 14%; Emulsifier O 6%.
Body cream: water phase 75%; oil phase 15%; Emulsifier O 8%.
Body cream or butter: water phase 60%; oil phase 34%; Emulsifier O 6%.
If a skincare recipe contains only oils, butters, waxes, essential oils or fragrant oils (this is called a balm), it will not require a preservative.
Vitamin E can be added to balms to delay rancidity.
If any water (extract, juice, glycerin, gel, etc) is used, the recipe will need an emulsifier to combine the oils and water. (This is a cream.) A preservative MUST be used or the cream will go mouldy within a few days.
Vitamin E will not preserve creams.