Ethanol - denatured
An industrial solvent made from sugar.*
Other names: ethyl alcohol, alcohol, anhydrous methylated spirits (AMS).
Ethanol is denatured, and is a clear, colourless, flammable liquid with a non-residual odour and MUST be treated with caution.
The fumes are flammable so must be kept away from heat, sparks, and naked flames.
It MUST NOT be taken internally.
There are many grades of ethanol produced, this grade having a strength equal to 99.0%.
The rest: methanol <1%; water <1%.
The ingestion of large quantities will cause adverse central nervous system effects. Symptoms include excitation, euphoria, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, blurred vision, fatigue, tremors, convulsions, loss of consciousness, coma, respiratory arrest and death. Severe intoxication may cause hypoglycaemia and hypothermia. Other possible effects are decreased blood pressure, vomiting and blood discharges.
This product as liquid or vapour, may be irritating to the eyes resulting in tearing and redness.
This product can be irritating to the skin. Prolonged or repeated exposure may result in redness, itching, swelling. A small proportion of the population may develop and allergic reaction.
Vapours may be moderately irritating to respiratory tract and mucous membranes. Inhalation may cause symptoms of headache, nausea and vomiting. High concentrations may lead to adverse central nervous system effects.
Ethyl alcohol may cause adverse reproductive effects (foetal toxicity).
Methyl alcohol a low concentration component in the product is identified as suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Chronic intoxication from ingestion of the product, or repeated inhalation, may cause degenerative changes in liver, kidneys, hair, gastrointestinal tract and heart muscle.
Other Health Effects Information
Methanol is only slowly eliminated from body so should be regarded as a cumulative poison which cannot be made non-harmful. Principal routes of exposure are by inhalation of vapour and skin contact/absorption. Persons with pre-existing liver, skin and respiratory disorders may be at an increased risk from exposure. Ingestion of alcohol by pregnant women is associated with foetal alcohol syndrome in babies.
The manufacturer's information
Clear absolute grade alcohol. Water white primary aliphatic alcohol with a non-residual odour. Used where an uncoloured, industrial grade anhydrous alcohol is required. Used in applications where the presence of water is undesirable. Denatured with methanol. Generally referred to as being 99% Ethanol or 100% Ethanol without Paradine.
Solvent Alcohol for manufacture of resins, fats, oils, printing inks, cleaning compounds, aerosols, adhesives, surface coatings, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and healthcare & photographic emulsions.
A motor and heating fuel,
A biological preservative, insecticide.
Used in disinfectant and in liquid detergents and soaps.
Ethanol Automotive Fuel Additive
This ethanol is not a “potable” spirit as it includes a denaturant.
Sometimes used or known as Pure Ethanol ie Ethanol with a minimal water content. (Note this product is still denatured and not drinkable)
Used for making Bio Ethanol, Bio Fuel, Bio Diesel, and other Ethanol Automotive Fuels. These are formulated using Ethanol grades like SDA, AMS, Anhydrous Ethanol, MS99WP, or Anhydrous Methylated Spirits as additives. These are generally used because of their minimal water content.
Surface Coatings: used as a solvent for synthetic resins such as polyvinyl acetate and in combination with aromatic hydrocarbons, esters and ketones. It is used in nitrocellulose lacquers, vinyl resin solutions and phenolic laminating and impregnating varnishes.
Printing Inks: used as a solvent or co-solvent in the manufacture of rotogravure and flexographic printing inks. It is also used as a dilutent for such inks.
Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics and Health Care Products: used in hair lacquers, shampoos, body deodorants, skin lotions & creams and perfumes.
Miscellaneous Applications: cleaning compounds, as a base solvent in some aerosols, in making adhesives and adhesive labels, in making plastic products and resin laminates, in photographic film emulsions, etc, insecticides & fungicides, as a refrigerant, in electrical insulating fluids, as a rubber processing accelerator, as a preservative for biological samples, for sterilising dental and medical equipment.